In the InfoSec industry, there is an abundance of familiar flaws and copycat theories and approaches. We repeat ourselves and recommend the same approaches. But what has really changed in the last year?
The emergence of hacking groups like Anonymous, LulzSec, and TeaMp0isoN.
In 2011, these groups brought the fight to corporate America, crippling firms both small (HBGary Federal) and large (Stratfor, Sony). As the year drew to a close these groups shifted from prank-oriented hacks for laughs (or “lulz”), to aligning themselves with political movements like Occupy Wall Street, and hacking firms like Stratfor, a Austin, Tex.-based security “think tank” that releases a daily newsletter concerning security and intelligence matters all over the world. After HBGary Federal CEO Aaron Barr publicly bragged that he was going to identify some members of the group during a talk in San Francisco at the RSA Conference week, Anonymous members responded by dumping a huge cache of his personal emails and those of other HBGary Federal executives online, eventually leading to Barr’s resignation. Anonymous and LulzSec then spent several months targeting various retailers, public figures and members of the security community. Their Operation AntiSec aimed to expose alleged hypocrisies and sins by members of the security community. They targeted a number of federal contractors, including IRC Federal and Booz Allen Hamilton, exposing personal data in the process. Congress got involved in July when Sen. John McCain urged Senate leaders to form a select committee to address the threat posed by Anonymous/LulzSec/Wikileaks.
The attack on RSA SecurId was another watershed event. The first public news of the compromise came from RSA itself, when it published a blog post explaining that an attacker had been able to gain access to the company’s network through a “sophisticated” attack. Officials said the attacker had compromised some resources related to the RSA SecurID product, which set off major alarm bells throughout the industry. SecurID is used for two-factor authentication by a huge number of large enterprises, including banks, financial services companies, government agencies and defense contractors. Within months of the RSA attack, there were attacks on SecurID customers, including Lockheed Martin, and the current working theory espoused by experts is that the still-unidentified attackers were interested in LM and other RSA customers all along and, having run into trouble compromising them directly, went after the SecurID technology to loop back to the customers.
The specifics of the attack were depressingly mundane (targeted phishing email with a malicious Excel file attached).
Then too, several certificate authorities were compromised throughout the year. Comodo was the first to fall when it was revealed in March that an attacker (apparently an Iranian national) had been able to compromise the CA infrastructure and issue himself a pile of valid certificates for domains belonging to Google, Yahoo, Skype and others. The attacker bragged about his accomplishments in Pastebin posts and later posted evidence of his forged certificate for Mozilla. Later in the year, the same person targeted the Dutch CA DigiNotar. The details of the attack were slightly different, but the end result was the same: he was able to issue himself several hundred valid certificates and this time went after domains owned by, among others, the Central Intelligence Agency. In the end, all of the major browser manufacturers had to revoke trust in the DigiNotar root CA. The damage to the company was so bad that the Dutch government eventually took it over and later declared it bankrupt. Staggering, isn’t it? A lone attacker not only forced Microsoft, Apple and Mozilla to yank a root CA from their list of trusted roots, but he was also responsible for forcing a certificate authority out of business.
What has changed in our industry? Nothing really. It’s not a question “if” but “when” the attack will arrive on your assets.
Plus ça change, plus c'est la même, I suppose.